Dieselgate effects: ‘4.750 deaths in Europe per year’
A new study, published in Environmental Research Letters on Monday, states at least 4.750 deaths per year could be avoided in Europe if diesel cars would actually emit no more NOx in real driving conditions, than they do in lab tests for homologation.
The study, done by researchers from Norway, Austria, Sweden and the Netherlands, looked at the ‘dieselgate effect‘ in 28 European countries, plus Norway and Switzerland.
4.000 deaths less if all cars on petrol
It concluded about 10.000 deaths are caused yearly by small particle pollution in the air, of which about half (4.750) due to NOx and NO2 in particular, the most harmful for health. According to the authors of the report, about 4.000 deaths could be avoided if diesel engines emitted as much NOx as petrol cars.
Countries with most deaths are Italy, Germany and France “because of the huge population and the high percentage of diesel cars”, the study says. In Europe more than 100 million diesel cars are circulating on the roads. Since the nineties the number of diesel cars has increased rapidly to half of the fleet.
38.000 die worldwide
The new study confirms the results of an earlier study, published in May in Nature magazine, saying in 2015 some 38.000 people worldwide and 11.400 in Europe died due to excess NOx emissions, that wouldn’t have been caused if all diesel cars would show the same pollution on the road as they do in lab tests.