‘EDF to power 600.000 electric vehicles in four markets by 2022’
Europe’s biggest electricity producer, Electricité de France (EDF), aims at becoming the leader in providing ‘electric mobility’, powering 600.000 electric vehicles by 2022 in its four major EU markets: France, Belgium, Italy and the UK. That ambition was unveiled on Wednesday by EDF’s CEO, Jan-Bernard Lévy, in the margin of the ‘Electric Days’ in Paris.
To do that, EDF wants to expand its Sodetrel EV charging network from 5.000 today to 75.000, of which 4.000 ‘smart chargers’ also capable of ‘car-to-grid’ discharging. The latter are already deployed in Denmark and give owners of electric cars the opportunity to earn back some 1.400 euro per year.
For this, EDF will start a new joint venture with Californian start-up Nuvve, specialist in car-to-grid solutions, where its daughter EDF Renewables North America already owns a minority participation.
EDF counts on a market share of 30%, being 600.000 EVs by 2022. It bases its calculations on previsions of 9 million electric vehicles (hybrids included) by 2030 and 17 million by 2035 in this four key markets. Earlier EDF had called the estimates of RTE, France’s grid managing company, of 5 million EVs in France by 2030 ‘too optimistic’.
Slightly higher electricity consumption
Concerning the consumption of electricity to be expected, Lévy avoided to give numbers. He said “assuming that consumption will be slightly higher would be more prudent” than studies predicting consumption to drop by more efficient energy use in the future.
Without smart charging options and using big EV fleets to balance the grid by car-to-grid discharging, the extra consumption could be 1 to 2 gigawatts, the equivalent of one or two nuclear reactors.
The CEO repeated his wish to continue to exploit 56 of the 58 reactors of France’s 19 nuclear power plants (with two to be closed) for at least 50 or 60 years, in case of some of the latest which were put into service in 2000. Between 2030 and 2060 nuclear plants will be closed in France systematically to bring back the part of nuclear in electricity production to 50%.