Global CO2 emissions reached record level in 2018
Global CO2 emissions have peaked last year, pushed by an unlimited demand for gas and coal energy, especially in the United States, China and India. The demand (+2,3%) almost doubled, compared to the last years, due to the flourishing economy and extreme temperatures.
Together, gas, coal and oil met 70% of the ever-growing demand for electricity. In spite of the increased wind and solar energy, according to new figures from the International Energy Agency (IEA).
Important energy source
While demand for heavily polluting coal steadily decreases in the US and Europe, it is still growing in China and India. Coal is still one of the most important energy sources worldwide, but also the most polluting of all fossil fuels. In India, where the economy last year grew with 7%, the demand for coal went up with 5%.
CO2 emissions worldwide, produced by coal power plants, went up to a record level of 10,1 billion ton, twice as much as in 1990.
Worldwide demand for gas increased as well (+4,6%), mainly thanks to the success of the American shale gas. One of the reasons for the increased demand was the extreme winter of 2018, with temperatures in Aberdeen of minus 36 degrees.
While European CO2 emissions lowered (-1,3%) in Europe, they went up in the UV (+3,1%), China (+2,5%) and India (+4,5%). In the United Kingdom, however, CO2 emissions dropped to the historical low-level of 1888. Thanks to the growth of renewable energy.
China (40%) is a forerunner when it comes to renewable energy, and produces 40% of green electricity. Europe (25%) sits at the second place.