Paris public transport opts for 800 electric buses
French public transport companies, RATP (Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens) and IDFM (Ile-de-France Mobilités), have awarded three French manufacturers (HeuliezBus, Bolloré and Alstom) a contract with a potential of 800 electric buses. The Île-de-France region just ordered 641 extra CNG and electric buses.
French manufacturers start…
RATP, which operates buses in Paris and the inner suburbs, and IDFM, the regional transport authority that finances these purchases, issued the largest European call for tenders in this area in January 2018.
This has just been awarded to three French manufacturers: Heuliez, Bolloré and Alstom. It is an investment of 400 million euro for up to 800 RATP buses, which will be delivered as from 2020.
… others will follow
By 2025, IDFM has planned that two-thirds of the buses must be electric and one third will run on biogas. To have a fully clean fleet within six years, the Spanish (Irizar) and Chinese (BYD and Yutong) manufacturers also participated in the tests in the capital. They also may get a piece of the cake.
Paris already has electric buses
In Paris, several lines are already operated with electric vehicles: line 341, linking Place de l’Étoile to Porte de Clignancourt, is equipped with 23 Bolloré buses, the BlueBuses, selected by RATP for this purpose. They are recharged at night in the 18th district of Paris in a depot where minibuses (Traverses and Montmartrobus) are also charged.
Île-de-France region awarded on Tuesday (April 9th) another mega order for 641 electric and CNG buses and coaches intended for the inner suburbs. The order is particularly politically sensitive, because people do not want ‘second-class zones’ where public transport can pollute.
That’s why they want to make the entire fleet of buses greener quickly. Not only the bus traffic in the city centre, but also the buses running on the main traffic axis, will emit less. That way the inhabitants in the periphery can also enjoy cleaner air.
Research on alternative fuels
The French region has launched an ambitious campaign to evaluate polluting bus emissions under real operating conditions. These tests started in June 2018 on diesels and hybrids, and will be extended at the end of this year to other vehicles running on CNG.
But also to new alternative fuels such as liquefied gases (GTL) or hydrogenated oils (HVO). Fourteen different types of buses will be tested. The first test results of the diesel engines show – not surprisingly – that the Euro 6 engines perform better than the older Euro 4 engines.