More than half of Brussels’ households do not have a car
According to Statbel’s latest statistical survey, 53% of Brussels’ residents do not own a car. The survey is based on figures collected in 2019. This is the first time that the Statbel National Statistics Institute has analysed car ownership by Belgian households based on administrative sources and not on a survey. The calculation takes company cars into account.
A closer look reveals that most cars per household are found in the most peripheral municipalities, where the public transport infrastructure is the least developed.
No socio-economic factor
The socio-economic characteristics of the municipality play little role, writes La Dernière Heure. For example, in Saint-Josse – the poorest municipality in Belgium – and Saint-Gilles, almost 70% of households do not own a car. They occupy the first two places in this ranking, followed closely by Ixelles – the richest commune in the country.
Conversely, 77% of households in Woluwe-Saint-Pierre have a car. They are 75% in the municipality of Watermael-Boitsfort, which is very eco-bourgeois-bio-friendly. In Uccle, four out of ten households do not have a car (41%), while in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, six out of ten households have one.
If the figures from Statbel are cross-referenced with the data from the DIV, the national vehicle registration service, there are 329 547 vehicles registered in Brussels. Out of the 551 962 households in 2019, that is a ratio of 0,60 cars per household. In more detail, 38% of Brussels households have one car, only 8% have two, and 2% three cars.
Fewer cars in Belgium
On a national level, Belgium has 5 888 589 cars, a small but remarkable decrease of 0,01% – this is the first time that there has been a decline in the number of cars in Belgium since the Second World War.
More than half (54%) of Belgian couples with children living at home own two or more cars. 14% of these families even own three or more cars. For couples without children living at home, 29,7% has two or more cars.
On the other hand, one in three single parents does not own a car. Almost one in two single parents (49,9%) also do without a car, while only 11% of couples with or without children can do without a car.
Statbel also notes that households living in large urban centers (Brussels, Liège, Antwerp, etc.) have less need for a car. This is in contrast to more rural areas or large suburbs such as the two provinces of Brabant, where the public transport offer is less strong.