Nissan aims at 50% electrified with solid-state battery in 2030
The Japanese car manufacturer Nissan aims at a 50% part of electrified vehicles in its sales for 2030. At the same time, it wants to become a leader in battery production and technology, with new generation solid-state batteries in production as of 2028.
Nissan, a partner in the Alliance with Renault and Mitsubishi, is doing better lately. After two catastrophic years with significant losses, it has raised its benefit forecast for 2021/2022. Nissan foresees a net benefit of 180 billion yen (€1,4 billion) at the end of March 2022 (end of the fiscal year) thanks to new models arriving and raising demand for cars worldwide.
23 electrified models
To reach its 2030 targets, called ‘Ambition 2030’, Nissan wants to introduce 23 new electrified models, of which 15 will be fully electric. Twenty of them will reach the market five years from now. At that moment, it already wants 75% of its European sales electrified, against 55% in Japan and 40% in China. Nissan is a bit more prudent in the US, foreseeing 40% of electric sales for 2030.
“There is an imminent and unavoidable challenge of climate change that urges us to deploy this new vision,” Nissan CEO Makoto Ushida explains. For the next five years, Nissan wants to invest 2 000 billion yen (€15,6 billion) in this electrification process.
“That’s two times more than what we have spent between 2010 and 2020,” Ushida underlines. Nissan wants to become climate-neutral by 2050.
With this ‘Ambition 2030’ plan, Nissan stays on the careful side of the electrification specter. The number two Japanese manufacturer was a pioneer introducing the electric Leaf already in 2010. Still, it has been overtaken by Tesla and a bunch of other ‘classic’ manufacturers, who have engaged themselves much firmer into electrification.
By doing so, it is following the path of its big Japanese competitor Toyota, which has confirmed its belief in hybrid cars just recently and foresees 100% electrified vehicles (including hybrids) in Europe in 2030 but wants to reach 100% in China and 70% in the US only in 2035.
Nissan wants also to (re)become a key player in battery technology and production. That’s why it’s planning to build a 35 GWh gigafactory for batteries near its Sunderland plant (Northern England) in collaboration with Chinese partner Envision AESC. AESC was a former Nissan daughter and battery manufacturer, sold to Envision in 2018.
It’s a type of integrated factory that Nissan wants to replicate in its other key markets worldwide. By the end of 2028, Nissan electric vehicles should all be equipped with Nissan batteries, preferably solid-state. To achieve this, Nissan is also talking to another Chinese battery giant, CATL. In 2026, Nissan wants to have a battery production capacity of 52 GWh, growing to 130 GWh in 2030 thanks to four gigafactories.
The solid-state technology – where the current liquid electrolyte is replaced by a solid material like a polymer or a ceramic – gives higher performance for a reduced cost (Nissan aims at €66 per kWh in 2028). It’s safer also and doesn’t need the use of critical rare earth materials like cobalt.
Nissan wants to build a ‘pilot factory’ near its Yokohama headquarters (southwest of Tokyo) and plans to recruit 3 000 new engineers for R&D on electrification. This plant and a prototype solid-state battery should be ready in 2024.