Europe just experienced its warmest October since the beginning of the registrations, with temperatures of almost 2°C above the 1991-2020 reference period. The day temperatures reached record levels in western Europe and, more specifically, in France, Austria, Switzerland, and large parts of Italy and Spain.
Lower-than-average temperatures were measured in Australia, eastern Russia, and parts of western Antarctica. These are some of the conclusions of the Copernicus Climate Change Service’s regularly published climate reports, which give an account of the earth’s surface temperature, the sea ice cover, and the hydrological variables.
All those data are based on the billions of measurements from satellites, ships, aircraft, and weather stations worldwide. In October 2022, most of southern Europe and the Caucasus were drier than average. Elsewhere in Europe, across the northwest of the Iberian Peninsula, regions of France and Germany, the United Kingdom and Ireland, northwestern Scandinavia, much of Eastern Europe, and central Turkey, it was wetter than average.
The north pole ice size was 9% below average, the arctic sea ice size was 4% below average, and sea ice concentrations in the Bellinghausen Sea also remained well below average.
Samantha Burgess, deputy director of Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S): “The serious impact of climate change is clearly visible today, and we need ambitious action at the COP27 climate summit to limit emissions and ensure that the temperature increase stabilizes around the 1,5°C target of the Paris Climate Agreement.”
The recent ‘State of the Climate in Europe’ report by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), drawn up together with Copernicus, and focusing on 2021, already concluded that Europe is warming up twice as fast as the rest of the world. Between 1991 and 2021, temperatures in Europe increased by 0,5°C per decade. July 2021 was the second hottest month ever measured in Europe, except for one, July 2010.
Copernicus is the European Union’s flagship Earth Observation Program, which operates through six thematic services: Atmosphere, Marine, Land, Climate Change, Security, and Emergency. it delivers freely accessible operational data and services, providing users with reliable and up-to-date information about our planet end its environment.