Last year, wind and solar energy generated 12% of electricity worldwide – a new record. Still, the share of renewables remains smaller than that of coal.
That is the conclusion of the global energy think tank Ember. The organization recently published its fourth ‘Global Electricity Review’ based on the open data of the electricity sector in 78 countries, representing 93% of the global electricity demand.
In 2022, all clean energy sources accounted for 39% – a record level – of global electricity production. Fossil fuels, on the other hand, still accounted for more than 60% of electricity production. More than 60 countries get more than 10% of their electricity from renewable energy, with the European Union leading (22%).
CO2 emissions increased
According to Ember, however, the EU, which started early in the race to renewable energy, is lagging in growth. For example, electricity generated by wind energy in the EU grew by 9%, while 17% growth was recorded worldwide.
The growth of electricity generated by solar energy, at 24%, was in line with global growth. However, electricity generated by coal increased by 1,1% and remained the largest source of electricity at 36%. As a result, greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuels rose to 12 billion tons of CO2 equivalent (+1,3%).
For 2023, experts expect a slight decrease in electricity generation from fossil fuels, while wind and solar energy will continue to grow.
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